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NenUFAR: Instrument description and science case

Philippe Zarka 1 Michel Tagger 2 L. Denis J.N. Girard A. Konovalenko M. Atemkeng M. Arnaud S. Azarian M. Barsuglia A. Bonafede F. Boone A. Bosma R. Boyer 3 M. Branchesi C. Briand B. Cecconi Sébastien Celestin 2 Didier Charrier 4 E. Chassande-Mottin A. Coffre Ismaël Cognard F. Combes 5, 6 S. Corbel C. Courte A. Dabbech S. Daiboo Richard Dallier 4 C. Dumez-Viou M. N. El Korso 7 E. Falgarone I. Falkovych A. Ferrari C. Ferrari K. Ferriere C. Fevotte A. Fialkov M. Fullekrug E. Gerard Jean-Mathias Grießmeier 2 B. Guiderdoni Lucas Guillemot 2 J. Hessels L. Koopmans V. Kondratiev L. Lamy T. Lanz Pascal Larzabal 8 M. Lehnert F. Levrier A. Loh G. Macario J.-J. Maintoux Lilian Martin D. Mary S. Masson M.-A. Miville-Deschenes D. Oberoi M. Panchenko M. Pandey-Pommier A. Petiteau Jean-Louis Pinçon 2 Benoît Revenu 9 F. Rible C. Richard H.O. Rucker Pascal Salomé B. Semelin M. Serylak O. Smirnov, B. Stappers C. Taffoureau 10 C. Tasse Gilles Theureau P. Tokarsky S. Torchinsky 10 O. Ulyanov W. van Driel I. Vasylieva J. Vaubaillon F. Vazza S. Vergani, M. Was, 11 R. Weber, 12 V. Zakharenko,
Abstract : NenuFAR is both a giant extension of the LOFAR and a large standalone instrument in the low-frequency range (10-85 MHz). It was designed in Nançay with national and international collaboration. Antenna radiators were modeled on the LWA antenna design whereas preamplifiers were designed in France. Antennas will be distributed in 96 mini-arrays of 19 dual-polarized elements, densely covering a disk of 400 m in diameter. A few mini-arrays are expected to lie at distances of 2-3 km. A silent control-command system was designed, and the computer dialog with LOFAR defined. Receivers will include the LOFAR backend, a local beamformer and a local correlator. NenuFAR is in construction in Nançay and it was recently granted by the SKA office the official label of SKA pathfinder. Its exploitation will expand the scope of LOFAR scientific studies as well as permit new studies, preparing for SKA science. The NenuFAR concept has many points in common with GURT (the Giant Ukrainian Radio Telescope), with which it shares some technical studies, an its exploitation will benefit from a coordination with UTR-2. We describe the instrument, technical developments and science case.
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Philippe Zarka, Michel Tagger, L. Denis, J.N. Girard, A. Konovalenko, et al.. NenUFAR: Instrument description and science case. 2015 International Conference on Antenna Theory and Techniques (ICATT), Apr 2015, Kharkiv, Ukraine. ⟨10.1109/ICATT.2015.7136773⟩. ⟨hal-01196457⟩

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