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Allosteric Guest Binding in Chiral Zirconium(IV) Double Decker Porphyrin Cages

Abstract : Chiral zirconium(IV) double cage sandwich complex has been synthesized in one step from porphyrin cage was obtained as a racemate, which was resolved by HPLC and the enantiomers were isolated in >99.5 % ee. Their absolute configurations were assigned on the basis of X-ray crystallography and circular dichroism spectroscopy. Vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) experiments on the enantiomers of revealed that the chirality around the zirconium center is propagated throughout the whole cage structure. The axial conformational chirality of the double cage complex displayed a VCD fingerprint similar to the one observed previously for a related chiral cage compound with planar and point chirality. shows fluorescence, which is quenched when viologen guests bind in its cavities. The binding of viologen and dihydroxybenzene derivatives in the two cavities of occurs with negative allostery, the cooperativity factors α (=4 K/K) being as low as 0.0076 for the binding of -dimethylviologen. These allosteric effects are attributed to a pinching of the second cavity as a result of guest binding in the first cavity.
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Jeroen P. J. Bruekers, Matthijs A. Hellinghuizen, Nicolas Vanthuyne, Paul Tinnemans, Pieter J. Gilissen, et al.. Allosteric Guest Binding in Chiral Zirconium(IV) Double Decker Porphyrin Cages. European Journal of Organic Chemistry, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2021, 2021 (4), pp.607-617. ⟨10.1002/ejoc.202001392⟩. ⟨hal-03127385⟩

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