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Experimental assessment of the effective friction at the base of granular chute flows on a smooth incline

Abstract : We report on direct measurements of the basal force components for granular material flowing down a smooth incline. We investigate granular flows for a large range of inclination angles from θ=13.4∘ to 83.6° and various gate openings of the chute. We find that the effective basal friction coefficient μB, obtained from the ratio of the longitudinal force to the normal one, exhibits a systematic increase with increasing slope angle and a significant weakening with increasing particle holdup H (the depth-integrated particle volume fraction). At low angles, the basal friction is slightly less than or equal to tanθ. The deviation from tanθ can be interpreted as a contribution from the sidewall to the overall friction. At larger angles, the basal friction μB saturates at an asymptotic value that is dependent on the gate opening of the chute. Importantly, our data confirm the outcomes of recent discrete numerical simulations. First, for steady and fully developed flows as well as for moderately accelerated ones, the variation of the basal friction can be captured through a unique dimensionless number, the Froude number Fr, defined as Fr=Ū/(gHcosθ)1/2, where Ū is the mean flow velocity. Second, the mean velocity scales with the particle holdup H with a power exponent close to 14, contrasting with the Bagnold scaling (Ū∼H3/2). © 2021 American Physical Society.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 16, 2021 - 10:35:29 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 20, 2021 - 3:04:15 PM

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Olivier Roche, Siet van den Wildenberg, Alexandre Valance, Renaud Delannay, A. Mangeney, et al.. Experimental assessment of the effective friction at the base of granular chute flows on a smooth incline. Physical Review E , American Physical Society (APS), 2021, 103 (4), pp.042905. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevE.103.042905⟩. ⟨hal-03249403⟩

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