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Exposure to pollutants altered glucocorticoid signaling and clock gene expression in female mice. Evidence of tissue- and sex-specificity

Abstract : Environmental pollutants suspected of disrupting the endocrine system are considered etiologic factors in the epidemic of metabolic disorders. As regulation of energy metabolism relies on the integrated action of a large number of hormones, we hypothesized that certain chemicals could trigger changes in glucocorticoid signaling. To this end, we exposed C57Bl6/J female and male mice between 5 and 20 weeks of age to a mixture of 2,3,7,8- tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (20 pg/kg body weight/day [bw/d]), polychlorobiphenyl 153 (200 ng/kg bw/d), di-[2-ethylhexyl]-phthalate (500 μg/kg bw/d) and bisphenol A (40 μg/kg bw/d). In female mice fed a standard diet (ST), we observed a decrease in plasma levels of leptin as well as a reduced expression of corticoid receptors Nr3c1 and Nr3c2, of leptin and of various canonical genes related to the circadian clock machinery in visceral (VAT) but not subcutaneous (SAT) adipose tissue. However, Nr3c1 and Nr3c2 mRNA levels did not change in high-fat-fed females exposed to pollutants. In ST-fed males, pollutants caused the same decrease of Nr3c1 mRNA levels in VAT observed in ST-fed females but levels of Nr3c2 and other clock-related genes found to be down-regulated in female VAT were enhanced in male SAT and not affected in male VAT. The expression of corticoid receptors was not affected in the livers of both sexes in response to pollutants. In summary, exposure to a mixture of pollutants at doses lower than the no-observed adverse effect levels (NoAELs) resulted in sex-dependent glucocorticoid signaling disturbances and clock-related gene expression modifications in the adipose tissue of ST-fed mice.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 21, 2020 - 4:05:49 PM
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Nathalie Vega, Claudie Pinteur, Gaël Buffelan, Emmanuelle Loizon, Hubert Vidal, et al.. Exposure to pollutants altered glucocorticoid signaling and clock gene expression in female mice. Evidence of tissue- and sex-specificity. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2021, 262, pp.127841. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.127841⟩. ⟨hal-02919126⟩



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