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Theses

Compréhension des interfaces / interphases formées dans les composites PPS / fibres de carbone et PPS / fibres de basalte réalisés à partir de mèches comélées et retordues

Abstract : This thesis work is devoted to the understanding of the structure-properties relationships of composite materials made from hybrid rovings composed of the thermoplastic matrix, polyphenylene sulphide, and reinforcements that can be either carbon or basalt. Thus, several lines of research have been pursued in this work: i) the impact of the commingling process on the final properties of composites, ii) the understanding of fiber-matrix interactions and iii) the optimization of those interactions in the interface. This work first demonstrated the link established between the mechanical and structural properties of the hybrid yarns and the mechanical properties of composite materials. The air commingling process degrades the resistance of the fibers and this is observed both on filaments tensile tests and commingled yarns. This degradation is not observed on twisted yarns. In the same time, composites based on commingled yarns show a better homogeneity, mechanical properties and a lower porosity rate. In a second step, the adhesion developped in all composite systems was evaluated at the micromechanical scale and correlated at the macroscopic scale. Accelerated ageing tests were also carried out to discriminate the most durable solutions. A final part of this work is devoted to the optimization of the interfacial properties of the systems studied. Two solutions were developed and gave interesting results: the use of a PPS / PE-EMA-GMA polymer mixture allowed to improve up to 56% the IFSS with basalt fibers and the use of an imidazolium salt as interfacial agent in the matrix allowed to improve by 25% the IFSS obtained with carbon fibers.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 10, 2021 - 4:52:14 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03137855, version 1

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Baptiste Gaumond. Compréhension des interfaces / interphases formées dans les composites PPS / fibres de carbone et PPS / fibres de basalte réalisés à partir de mèches comélées et retordues. Matériaux. Université de Lyon, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LYSEI064⟩. ⟨tel-03137855⟩

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