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Carbon quantum dots as a dual platform for the inhibition and light-based destruction of collagen fibers: implications for the treatment of eye floaters

Abstract : Common in myopia and aging, vitreous opacities arise from clumped collagen fibers within the vitreous body that cast shadows on the retina, appearing as 'floaters' to the patient. Vitreous opacities degrade contrast sensitivity function and can cause significant impairment in visionrelated quality-of-life, representing an unmet and underestimated medical need. One therapeutic approach could be the use of versatile light-responsive nanostructures which (i) interfere with the formation of collagen fibers and /or (ii) destroy aggregates of vitreous collagen upon pulsed-laser irradiation at low fluences. In this work, the potential of positively and negatively charged carbon quantum dots (CQDs) to interfere with the aggregation of type I collagen is investigated. We demonstrate that fibrillation of collagen I is prevented most strongly by positively charged CQDs (CQDs-2) and that pulsed-laser illumination allowed to destroy type I collagen aggregates and vitreous opacities (as obtained from patients after vitrectomy) treated with CQDs-2.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03209389
Contributor : Alexandre Barras <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 27, 2021 - 10:50:19 AM
Last modification on : Friday, May 7, 2021 - 8:52:03 AM

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Alexandre Barras, Félix Sauvage, Inès de Hoon, Kevin Braeckmans, Dawei Hua, et al.. Carbon quantum dots as a dual platform for the inhibition and light-based destruction of collagen fibers: implications for the treatment of eye floaters. Nanoscale Horizons, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2021, ⟨10.1039/D1NH00157D⟩. ⟨hal-03209389⟩

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