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Theses

Recherche sur les Dardaniens : VIe- Ier siècles av. J.- C.

Abstract : This thesis is an attempt at a monograph on the Dardanians, indigenous people of the central Balkans, whose territory covers the whole of present-day Kosovo and part of the neighbouring States, Albania, Northern Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, on a period from the 6th to the 1st century BC. After an introduction specifying the geographical and ethnic framework and addressing the problem of the ethnogenesis of this people, the work is organized in four parts. The first deals with the political history of the Dardanians from an exhaustive catalogue of literary and epigraphic sources that mention this people. This history emerges only from Philip II of Macedonia until the Roman conquest. The second part is concerned with political and social organization and is based on the testimony of literary sources but especially on a catalogue of known habitats. It describes a tribal society with a strong military component. The third part provides a picture of resources and key economic activities. The mining of precious metals and cinnabar is the main source of wealth of the country, besides the traditional activities in Antiquity that are agriculture and livestock. A numismatic catalogue closes this chapter. The fourth part is devoted to religion. The study of funerary rites occupies a large place here because local archaeologists have excavated a large number of tumuli recorded in a catalogue. The presence of four rites, burial, cremation, use of cinerary urns, cenotaphs, indicates a variety of funeral customs that pose the problem of the existence of several ethnic groups or social and religious changes. The unique use of tumuli throughout the period clearly links the Dardanians to the Illyrian ethnic group. Taking into account all the discoveries accumulated over the last thirty years, this work usefully complements the old monographs in Serbian or Albanian language.
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Arianit Buqinca. Recherche sur les Dardaniens : VIe- Ier siècles av. J.- C.. Histoire. Université de Lyon; Universiteti i Prishtinës (1999-..), 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LYSE2007⟩. ⟨tel-03248733⟩

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