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La transición agroecológica y la reconfiguración del territorio a través de los sistemas de garantía participativos : una comparación entre México y Francia

Abstract : Today, there is an increase in the consumption of healthy foods that are produced with respect for the environment. Organic or bio products have a label issued by certification agencies that differentiates them from products produced in a conventional way.In parallel with this organic or bio certification, a verification mechanism called Participatory Guarantee Systems (PGS) arises. This verification system is aimed at small producers who produce for their own consumption and local markets, whose financing involves close collaboration and compromise between producers and consumers. In order to be able to address the PGS, we worked under the perspective of agroecology, which provides a framework for evaluating agricultural systems through social, environmental and economic criteria. The objective of this work is to know how the territory is reconfigured where the dynamics of local marketing of agroecological products materialize. In order to chieve this goal, two local groups from Mexico and France were involved. The Mexican collective Tianguis Comida Sana y Cercana, founded in 2005 in the City of San Cristóbal de las Casas, in the southern border state, has an internal PGS mechanism. In France the focus in on the case of the local group in the department Haute-Garonne in the south of France, founded in 2011 and integrated into the “Federation Nature et Progrès”. A total of 19 interviews were conducted, which were analyzed through the logiciel Atlas.ti 07. The results show that there are social and technological innovations around the productive strategies that contribute to the agro-ecological transition and that the PGS is a strategy that reconfigures the territory, since it promotes local development through the construction of networks and links based on participation and trust between different actors in rural and urban areas.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 16, 2021 - 3:53:17 PM
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Antonieta Carolina Reyes Gómez. La transición agroecológica y la reconfiguración del territorio a través de los sistemas de garantía participativos : una comparación entre México y Francia. Geography. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2019. Español. ⟨NNT : 2019TOU20094⟩. ⟨tel-03262570⟩

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